One of the most complicated stages for babies is the appearance of their first teeth. Between six and eight months, the first dental pieces begin to be born, according to Ma. Fernanda Larco, pediatric dentist. In general, the first ones to sprout are the lower central sections, however in some cases the upper ones usually appear. If this happens do not be alarmed, that depends on the individual development of each baby.
Sometimes the baby’s tooth is under the gum and does not come out, producing a small bulge in the form of a cyst and purple in that area.
If you notice this in your little one, visit a pediatric dentist, who will make a small cut in the gum which will facilitate the exit of the piece. This procedure requires the use of a local anesthetic that avoids the pain that the incision can produce.
In exceptional cases and after the first year, one or more teeth may not sprout, this disorder is called agenesis and is inherited.
As in the previous case, it is necessary to go to the specialist, who will perform a localized x-ray to know in which part of the gum the tooth was lodged or if it did not form, in which case you should wait for the final teeth to come out, this It occurs until the age of twelve.
Know that the oral hygiene of the child must be started once he is born, this will help to not have cavities at an early age; In addition, it will train in small hygiene habits.
Care of the baby’s first teeth
Before the first teeth sprout, pass a wet gauze through the upper, lower gums and the tongue, after the child has taken the breast or bottle. Perform rotary movements to remove the white paste that usually accumulates in these areas of the mouth.
After six months
During this stage it is good to clean the child’s teeth also with gauze or better use the thimble-shaped brushes, so the child will get used to feeling this type of object in his mouth.
Not with fluoride pastes
Until six years of age, prevent children from using fluoride-containing dentifrices because children usually swallow them unconsciously when they brush their teeth. In addition, this substance prevents adequate calcification of the definitive pieces found in the bone; making them more fragile.
If your baby already has teeth, do not let him sleep with a bottle or breast in his mouth. Prolonged mixing of saliva with milk produces an acidic effect that demineralizes teeth and makes them prone to decay.
Sugared syrups also produce cavities, so it is advisable after having administered them, pass a gauze impregnated in water if you are a baby or brush your teeth if it is larger to prevent the appearance of cavities.
Between six and eight years
It is important for the mother to check if a final tooth is already appearing behind the last molar. Generally, this area is not cleaned properly, so it is not uncommon for cavities to appear and until this tooth is lost.
If in the so-called ‘milk teeth’, cavities appear, they must be treated, remember that they are bacteria that are damaging that piece and then move on to the other. Although they will fall, they require care.
The teeth during the first years of life help in the formation of language and also serve as a guide for the final pieces to come out well.